- By John
- On Nov 8, 2018
- Travel Tips
Planning your France travel by our France travel tips. If you have only a week and it's your first trip to France, do Paris, Normandy, and the Loire. If you have about 8–10 days, consider a loop linking Paris, Normandy, and the Loire. Or do a one-way trip, such as flying into Nice and out of Paris, seeing the Riviera, Provence, the Alps, and Burgundy along the way.
France besic information, know the country in deepth
The French Revolution began in 1789 with the storming of the Place de la Bastille fortress on July 14. Fed up with the monarchy, a group of roughly 1,000 Frenchmen stormed the medieval fortress, bringing about a state of anarchy in the French capital. The country was in economic crisis, and King Louis XVI was forced to hold a meeting of Estates General to bring in a new tax. The Estates were composed of three bodies, and one body quickly established itself as a National Assembly, representative of the people.
The king attempted to shut them down, but the group was determined to draft a new constitution for the people of France. Over the course of the revolution, King Louis XVI and Queen Marie Antoinette were both executed, as well as over 16,000 others who opposed the revolution.
In 1799, army General Napoleon Bonaparte overthrew the French directory and replaced it with the French Consulate. A few years later in 1804, Napoleon was declared the Emperor of France, marking the end of the French Consulate and the beginning of the first French Empire.
Finally, following years of war led by Napoleon and continued attempts by the countries of Europe to contain the French leader, Napoleon was defeated in the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. Louis XVIII became King of France shortly after, marking a return to the monarchy.
The country sustained considerable damage and loss of life during both world wars. Major battles took place on French soil, and three-fifths of the country fell to German occupation during World War II, leaving lasting effects on the country and its people.
In the later part of the 20th century and early 21st century, France rebuilt and prospered in a united Europe, becoming a powerful founding member of the European Union in 1993.