- By kevin
- On Jun 4, 2018
- North America
- Travel Tips
There are a lot of great things to see in the Grand Canyon.Whether you’ve lived in the area your entire life or this is the first time you’ve ever been here,we’ll make sure you know all there is to know about the Canyon before you leave.Here we talk about the first exploration in Grand Canyon,join us with the Grand Canyon to Arches National Park tours to visit the Grand Canyon.
The Spaniards were the first white men to view the Grand Canyon in 1540,80 years before the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth Rock.Francisco Coronado was searching for gold and the Seven Cities of Cibola when Indians told him of a great river to the north.
Coronado then sent Garcia Lopez de Cardenas and a party of 12 men to investigate this mysterious river.Cardenas and his men were guided by Hopi Indians and 20 days later found themselves at the edge of a great chasm–the Grand Canyon.
The depth and vastness of the canyon were not immediately obvious to Cardenas.After three frustrating days searching for a way down to the river,the Spaniards realized that what appeared as easy from above,was instead,very difficult.The party managed to descend only one-third of the way.
Had the Hopis wished to guide the Spaniards over the many obstacles of the canyon to the river,they could easily have done so.The Indians simply did not trust the explorers.Coronado and his men moved on,in search of other legends.
The Grand Canyon and all of its splendor was then left to its original inhabitants,the Indians,and remained so for over two more centuries.The Grand Canyon attracted little attention until 1869,when a one-armed Civil War veteran,Major John Wesley Powell set out with four boats to explore the Colorado River.
The journey was long and arduous and Powell lost two of his boats and three of his men.Powell eventually navigated the Colorado and finally reached the point where Lake Mead is today,72 days later Major Powell’s published account of this journey encouraged scientific study of the canyon,and thus,tourism slowly evolved.
By 1870,the Santa Fe Railroad arrived at the Grand Canyon,offering transportation to those intrigued by the canyon.Through an Act of Congress,the Grand Canyon was made a United States national park in 1919.